- install main package
- install optional dependencies as dependencies dependencies (–asdeps
Install main package first
Install the main
wine package as per usual:
sudo pacman -S wine
Once you've installed this, let's move onto installing all optional dependencies.
Now, let's install all optional dependencies. We're going to use the
pacman -Si command which will list all dependencies (optional and otherwise) for the
wine package that we just installed. Execute the following from the command line:
information about the package (including optional dependencies). The rest of the following command is simply processing the output to only show the optional dependency packages:
sudo pacman -S --asdeps --needed $(pactreepacman -l wine)
Si wine | sed -n '/^Opt/,/^Conf/p' | sed '$d' | sed 's/^Opt.*://g' | sed 's/^\s*//g' | tr '\n' ' ')
--needed option will stop pacman from reinstalling a package if it is already installed. In other words, we probably don't want to reinstall a package and mark it as a dependency if it is already on our system (either installed via another package or installed explicitly).
It's important to note that we should use the
--asdeps argument here to mark these packages's install reason as a "dependency" (otherwise, these packages will be marked as "explicitly" installed). This means that if you uninstall the main package, these optional dependencies will be orphaned - which you can then safely uninstall with a single command (which you can run often to clean up any orphans):